Design of Machine Elements – M. F. Spotts – 3rd Edition


Machine element refers to an elementary component of a machine. These elements consist of three basic types:

1. components such as frame members, bearings, axles, splines, fasteners, seals, and lubricants,
2. mechanisms that movement in various ways such as gear trains, belt or chain drives, linkages, cam and follower , including brakes and clutches, and
3. control components such as buttons, switches, indicators, sensors, actuators and controllers. While generally not considered to be a machine element, the shape, texture and color of covers are an important part of a machine that provide a styling and operational interface between the mechanical components of a machine and its users.

Machine elements are basic mechanical parts and features used as the blocks of most machines. Most are standardized to common sizes, but customs are also common for specialized applications.

Machine elements may be features of a part (such as screw threads or plain bearings) or they may be discrete parts in and of themselves such as wheels, axles, pulleys, rolling-element bearings, or gears. All of the simple machines may be described as machine elements, and many machine elements incorporate concepts of one or more simple machines. For example, a leadscrew incorporates a screw thread, which is an inclined plane wrapped around a cylinder.

Many mechanical design, invention, and tasks involve a knowledge of various machine elements and an intelligent and creative combining of these elements into a component or assembly that fills a need (serves an application).

Table of Contents

1. Fundamental Principles
2. Working Stresses
3. Shafting
4. Springs
5. Screws
6. Belts, Clutches, Brakes
7. Welded and Riveted Connections
8. Lubrication
9. Ball and Roller Bearings
10. Spur Gears
11. Bevel, Worm and Helical Gears
12. Miscellaneous Machine Elements
13. Dimensioning and Details
14. Engineering Materials

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