Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer – Frank P. Incropera – 7th Edition

Description

Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer, 7th Edition is the gold standard of heat pedagogy for more than 30 years, with a commitment to continuous improvement by four authors having more than 150 years of combined experience in education, research and practice. Using a rigorous and systematic problem-solving methodology pioneered by this text, it is abundantly filled with examples and that reveal the richness and beauty of the discipline.

This edition maintains its foundation in the four central learning objectives for and also makes heat and mass more approachable with an additional emphasis on the fundamental concepts, as well as highlighting the relevance of those ideas with exciting applications to the most critical issues of today and the coming decades: and the environment. An updated version of Interactive Heat Transfer (IHT) makes it even easier to efficiently and accurately solve problems.

View more
  • CHAPTER 1 Introduction 1

    1.1 What and How? 2

    1.2 Physical Origins and Rate Equations 3

    1.3 Relationship to Thermodynamics 12

    1.4 Units and Dimensions 36

    1.5 Analysis of Heat Transfer Problems: Methodology 38

    1.6 Relevance of Heat Transfer 41

    1.7 Summary 45

    References 48

    Problems 49

    CHAPTER 2 Introduction to Conduction 67

    2.1 The Conduction Rate Equation 68

    2.2 The Thermal Properties of Matter 70

    2.3 The Heat Diffusion Equation 82

    2.4 Boundary and Initial Conditions 90

    2.5 Summary 94

    References 95

    Problems 95

    CHAPTER 3 One-Dimensional, Steady-State Conduction 111

    3.1 The Plane Wall 112

    3.2 An Alternative Conduction Analysis 132

    3.3 Radial Systems 136

    3.4 Summary of One-Dimensional Conduction Results 142

    3.5 Conduction with Thermal Energy Generation 142

    3.6 Heat Transfer from Extended Surfaces 154

    3.7 The Bioheat Equation 178

    3.8 Thermoelectric Power Generation 182

    3.9 Micro- and Nanoscale Conduction 189

    3.10 Summary 190

    References 193

    Problems 193

    CHAPTER 4 Two-Dimensional, Steady-State Conduction 229

    4.1 Alternative Approaches 230

    4.2 The Method of Separation of Variables 231

    4.3 The Conduction Shape Factor and the Dimensionless Conduction Heat Rate 235

    4.4 Finite-Difference Equations 241

    4.5 Solving the Finite-Difference Equations 250

    4.6 Summary 256

    References 257

    Problems 257

    CHAPTER 5 Transient Conduction 279

    5.1 The Lumped Capacitance Method 280

    5.2 Validity of the Lumped Capacitance Method 283

    5.3 General Lumped Capacitance Analysis 287

    5.4 Spatial Effects 298

    5.5 The Plane Wall with Convection 299

    5.6 Radial Systems with Convection 303

    5.7 The Semi-Infinite Solid 310

    5.8 Objects with Constant Surface Temperatures or Surface Heat Fluxes 317

    5.9 Periodic Heating 327

    5.10 Finite-Difference Methods 330

    5.11 Summary 345

    References 346

    Problems 346

    CHAPTER 6 Introduction to Convection 377

    6.1 The Convection Boundary Layers 378

    6.2 Local and Average Convection Coefficients 382

    6.3 Laminar and Turbulent Flow 389

    6.4 The Boundary Layer Equations 394

    6.5 Boundary Layer Similarity: The Normalized Boundary Layer Equations 398

    6.6 Physical Interpretation of the Dimensionless Parameters 407

    6.7 Boundary Layer Analogies 409

    6.8 Summary 417

    References 418

    Problems 419

    CHAPTER 7 External Flow 433

    7.1 The Empirical Method 435

    7.2 The Flat Plate in Parallel Flow 436

    7.3 Methodology for a Convection Calculation 447

    7.4 The Cylinder in Cross Flow 455

    7.5 The Sphere 465

    7.6 Flow Across Banks of Tubes 468

    7.7 Impinging Jets 477

    7.8 Packed Beds 482

    7.9 Summary 483

    References 486

    Problems 486

    CHAPTER 8 Internal Flow 517

    8.1 Hydrodynamic Considerations 518

    8.2 Thermal Considerations 523

    8.3 The Energy Balance 529

    8.4 Laminar Flow in Circular Tubes: Thermal Analysis and Convection Correlations 537

    8.5 Convection Correlations: Turbulent Flow in Circular Tubes 544

    8.6 Convection Correlations: Noncircular Tubes and the Concentric Tube Annulus 552

    8.7 Heat Transfer Enhancement 555

    8.8 Flow in Small Channels 558

    8.9 Convection Mass Transfer 563

    8.10 Summary 565

    References 568

    Problems 569

    CHAPTER 9 Free Convection 593

    9.1 Physical Considerations 594

    9.2 The Governing Equations for Laminar Boundary Layers 597

    9.3 Similarity Considerations 598

    9.4 Laminar Free Convection on a Vertical Surface 599

    9.5 The Effects of Turbulence 602

    9.6 Empirical Correlations: External Free Convection Flows 604

    9.7 Free Convection Within Parallel Plate Channels 618

    9.8 Empirical Correlations: Enclosures 621

    9.9 Combined Free and Forced Convection 627

    9.10 Convection Mass Transfer 628

    9.11 Summary 629

    References 630

    Problems 631

    CHAPTER 10 Boiling and Condensation 653

    10.1 Dimensionless Parameters in Boiling and Condensation 654

    10.2 Boiling Modes 655

    10.3 Pool Boiling 656

    10.4 Pool Boiling Correlations 660

    10.5 Forced Convection Boiling 669

    10.6 Condensation: Physical Mechanisms 673

    10.7 Laminar Film Condensation on a Vertical Plate 675

    10.8 Turbulent Film Condensation 679

    10.9 Film Condensation on Radial Systems 684

    10.10 Condensation in Horizontal Tubes 689

    10.11 Dropwise Condensation 690

    10.12 Summary 691

    References 691

    Problems 693

    CHAPTER 11 Heat Exchangers 705

    11.1 Heat Exchanger Types 706

    11.2 The Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient 708

    11.3 Heat Exchanger Analysis: Use of the Log Mean Temperature Difference 711

    11.4 Heat Exchanger Analysis: The Effectiveness–NTU Method 722

    11.5 Heat Exchanger Design and Performance Calculations 730

    11.6 Additional Considerations 739

    11.7 Summary 747

    References 748

    Problems 748

    CHAPTER 12 Radiation: Processes and Properties 767

    12.1 Fundamental Concepts 768

    12.2 Radiation Heat Fluxes 771

    12.3 Radiation Intensity 773

    12.4 Blackbody Radiation 782

    12.5 Emission from Real Surfaces 792

    12.6 Absorption, Reflection, and Transmission by Real Surfaces 801

    12.7 Kirchhoff’s Law 810

    12.8 The Gray Surface 812

    12.9 Environmental Radiation 818

    12.10 Summary 826

    References 830

    Problems 830

    CHAPTER 13 Radiation Exchange Between Surfaces 861

    13.1 The View Factor 862

    13.2 Blackbody Radiation Exchange 872

    13.3 Radiation Exchange Between Opaque, Diffuse, Gray Surfaces in an Enclosure 876

    13.4 Multimode Heat Transfer 893

    13.5 Implications of the Simplifying Assumptions 896

    13.6 Radiation Exchange with Participating Media 896

    13.7 Summary 901

    References 902

    Problems 903

    CHAPTER 14 Diffusion Mass Transfer 933

    14.1 Physical Origins and Rate Equations 934

    14.2 Mass Transfer in Nonstationary Media 939

    14.3 The Stationary Medium Approximation 947

    14.4 Conservation of Species for a Stationary Medium 947

    14.5 Boundary Conditions and Discontinuous Concentrations at Interfaces 954

    14.6 Mass Diffusion with Homogeneous Chemical Reactions 962

    14.7 Transient Diffusion 965

    14.8 Summary 971

    References 972

    Problems 972

    APPENDIX A Thermophysical Properties of Matter 981

    APPENDIX B Mathematical Relations and Functions 1013

    APPENDIX C Thermal Conditions Associated with Uniform Energy

    Generation in One-Dimensional, Steady-State Systems 1019

    APPENDIX D The Gauss–Seidel Method 1025

    APPENDIX E The Convection Transfer Equations 1027

    APPENDIX F Boundary Layer Equations for Turbulent Flow 1031

    APPENDIX G An Integral Laminar Boundary Layer Solution for Parallel Flow over a Flat Plate 1035

    Index 1039
  • Citation

Leave us a commentNo Comments


guest
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
0
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x
()
x