Fundamentals of Industrial instrumentation and Process Control – William Dunn – 1st Edition

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Instrumentation technicians work on pneumatics, electronic instruments, digital logic and computer-based controls. Because so much of their work involves computerized devices, they need an extensive knowledge of electronics, and most have degrees in electronics technology. Most textbooks in this area are written for four year institutions and lack the practical flavor that is needed in technical schools or community colleges.

Designed as a text for use in community colleges or vocational schools, this up to date text is unsurpassed in its treatment of such subjects as: instruments and parameters, electrical components(both analog and digital) various types of actuators and regulators, plumbing and instrumentation diagrams and Operation of controllers.

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  • Chapter 1. Introduction and Review
    Chapter Objectives
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 Process Control
    1.3 Definitions of the Elements in a Control Loop
    1.4 Process Facility Considerations
    1.5 Units and Standards
    1.6 Instrument Parameters

    Chapter 2. Basic Electrical Components
    Chapter Objectives
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 Resistance
    2.2.1 Resistor formulas
    2.2.2 Resistor combinations
    2.2.3 Resistive sensors
    2.3 Capacitance
    2.3.1 Capacitor formulas
    2.3.2 Capacitor combinations
    2.4 Inductance
    2.4.1 Inductor formulas
    2.4.2 Inductor combinations

    Chapter 3. AC Electricity
    Chapter Objectives
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Circuits with R, L, and C
    3.2.1 Voltage step
    3.2.2 Time constants
    3.2.3 Phase change
    3.3 RC Filters
    3.4 AC Bridges
    3.5 Magnetic Forces
    3.5.1 Magnetic fields
    3.5.2 Analog meter
    3.5.3 Electromechanical devices

    Chapter 4. Electronics
    Chapter Objectives
    4.1 Introduction
    4.2 Analog Circuits
    4.2.1 Discrete amplifiers
    4.2.2 Operational amplifiers
    4.2.3 Current amplifiers
    4.2.4 Differential amplifiers
    4.2.5 Buffer amplifiers
    4.2.6 Nonlinear amplifiers
    4.2.7 Instrument amplifier
    4.2.8 Amplifier applications
    4.3 Digital Circuits
    4.3.1 Digital signals
    4.3.2 Binary numbers
    4.3.3 Logic circuits
    4.3.4 Analog-to-digital conversion
    4.4 Circuit Considerations

    Chapter 5. Pressure
    Chapter Objectives
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 Basic Terms
    5.3 Pressure Measurement
    5.4 Pressure Formulas
    5.5 Measuring Instruments
    5.5.1 Manometers
    5.5.2 Diaphragms, capsules, and bellows
    5.5.3 Bourdon tubes
    5.5.4 Other pressure sensors
    5.5.5 Vacuum instruments
    5.6 Application Considerations
    5.6.1 Selection
    5.6.2 Installation
    5.6.3 Calibration

    Chapter 6. Level
    Chapter Objectives
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 Level Formulas
    6.3 Level Sensing Devices
    6.3.1 Direct level sensing
    6.3.2 Indirect level sensing
    6.4 Application Considerations

    Chapter 7. Flow
    Chapter Objectives
    7.1 Introduction
    7.2 Basic Terms
    7.3 Flow Formulas
    7.3.1 Continuity equation
    7.3.2 Bernoulli equation
    7.3.3 Flow losses
    7.4 Flow Measurement Instruments
    7.4.1 Flow rate
    7.4.2 Total flow
    7.4.3 Mass flow
    7.4.4 Dry particulate flow rate
    7.4.5 Open channel flow
    7.5 Application Considerations
    7.5.1 Selection
    7.5.2 Installation
    7.5.3 Calibration

    Chapter 8. Temperature and Heat
    Chapter Objectives
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2 Basic Terms
    8.2.1 Temperature definitions
    8.2.2 Heat definitions
    8.2.3 Thermal expansion definitions
    8.3 Temperature and Heat Formulas
    8.3.1 Temperature
    8.3.2 Heat transfer
    8.3.3 Thermal expansion
    8.4 Temperature Measuring Devices
    8.4.1 Thermometers
    8.4.2 Pressure-spring thermometers
    8.4.3 Resistance temperature devices
    8.4.4 Thermistors
    8.4.5 Thermocouples
    8.4.6 Semiconductors
    8.5 Application Considerations
    8.5.1 Selection
    8.5.2 Range and accuracy
    8.5.3 Thermal time constant
    8.5.4 Installation
    8.5.5 Calibration
    8.5.6 Protection

    Chapter 9. Humidity, Density, Viscosity, and pH
    Chapter Objectives
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Humidity
    9.2.1 Humidity definitions
    9.2.2 Humidity measuring devices
    9.3 Density and Specific Gravity
    9.3.1 Basic terms
    9.3.2 Density measuring devices
    9.3.3 Density application considerations
    9.4 Viscosity
    9.4.1 Basic terms
    9.4.2 Viscosity measuring instruments
    9.5 pH Measurements
    9.5.1 Basic terms
    9.5.2 pH measuring devices
    9.5.3 pH application considerations

    Chapter 10. Other Sensors
    Chapter Objectives
    10.1 Introduction
    10.2 Position and Motion Sensing
    10.2.1 Basic position definitions
    10.2.2 Position and motion measuring devices
    10.2.3 Position application consideration
    10.3 Force, Torque, and Load Cells
    10.3.1 Basic definitions of force and torque
    10.3.2 Force and torque measuring devices
    10.3.3 Force and torque application considerations
    10.4 Smoke and Chemical Sensors
    10.4.1 Smoke and chemical measuring devices
    10.4.2 Smoke and chemical application consideration
    10.5 Sound and Light
    10.5.1 Sound and light formulas
    10.5.2 Sound and light measuring devices
    10.5.3 Light sources
    10.5.4 Sound and light application considerations

    Chapter 11. Actuators and Control
    Chapter Objectives
    11.1 Introduction
    11.2 Pressure Controllers
    11.2.1 Regulators
    11.2.2 Safety valves
    11.2.3 Level regulators
    11.3 Flow Control Actuators
    11.3.1 Globe valve
    11.3.2 Butterfly valve
    11.3.3 Other valve types
    11.3.4 Valve characteristics
    11.3.5 Valve fail safe
    11.4 Power Control
    11.4.1 Electronic devices
    11.4.2 Magnetic control devices
    11.5 Motors
    11.5.1 Servo motors
    11.5.2 Stepper motors
    11.5.3 Valve position feedback
    11.5.4 Pneumatic feedback
    11.6 Application Considerations
    11.6.1 Valves
    11.6.2 Power devices

    Chapter 12. Signal Conditioning
    Chapter Objectives
    12.1 Introduction
    12.2 Conditioning
    12.2.1 Characteristics
    12.2.2 Linearization
    12.2.3 Temperature correction
    12.3 Pneumatic Signal Conditioning
    12.4 Visual Display Conditioning
    12.4.1 Direct reading sensors
    12.5 Electrical Signal Conditioning
    12.5.1 Linear sensors
    12.5.2 Float sensors
    12.5.3 Strain gauge sensors
    12.5.4 Capacitive sensors
    12.5.5 Resistance sensors
    12.5.6 Magnetic sensors
    12.5.7 Thermocouple sensors
    12.5.8 Other sensors
    12.6 A-D Conversion

    Chapter 13. Signal Transmission
    Chapter Objectives
    13.1 Introduction
    13.2 Pneumatic Transmission
    13.3 Analog Transmission
    13.3.1 Noise considerations
    13.3.2 Voltage signals
    13.3.3 Current signals
    13.3.4 Signal conversion
    13.3.5 Thermocouples
    13.3.6 Resistance temperature devices
    13.4 Digital Transmission
    13.4.1 Transmission standards
    13.4.2 Smart sensors
    13.4.3 Foundation Fieldbus and Profibus
    13.5 Controller
    13.5.1 Controller operation
    13.5.2 Ladder diagrams
    13.6 Digital-to-Analog Conversion
    13.6.1 Digital-to-analog converters
    13.6.2 Pulse width modulation
    13.7 Telemetry
    13.7.1 Width modulation
    13.7.2 Frequency modulation

    Chapter 14. Process Control
    Chapter Objectives
    14.1 Introduction
    14.2 Basic Terms
    14.3 Control Modes
    14.3.1 ON/OFF action
    14.3.2 Differential action
    14.3.3 Proportional action
    14.3.4 Derivative action
    14.3.5 Integral action
    14.3.6 PID action
    14.4 Implementation of Control Loops
    14.4.1 ON/OFF action pneumatic controller
    14.4.2 ON/OFF action electrical controller
    14.4.3 PID action pneumatic controller
    14.4.4 PID action control circuits
    14.4.5 PID electronic controller
    14.5 Digital Controllers

    Chapter 15. Documentation and Symbols
    Chapter Objectives
    15.1 Introduction
    15.2 System Documentation
    15.2.1 Alarm and trip systems
    15.2.2 Alarm and trip documentation
    15.2.3 PLC documentation
    15.3 Pipe and Identification Diagrams
    15.3.1 Standardization
    15.3.2 Interconnections
    15.3.3 Instrument symbols
    15.3.4 Instrument identification
    15.4 Functional Symbols
    15.4.1 Actuators
    15.4.2 Primary elements
    15.4.3 Regulators
    15.4.4 Math functions
    15.5 P and ID Drawings

    Appendix A. Units
    Appendix B. Thermocouple Tables
    Appendix C. References and Information Resources
    Appendix D. Abbreviations
    Glossary
    Answers to Odd-Numbered Questions
    Index
  • Citation
    • Full Title: Fundamentals of Industrial instrumentation and Process Control
    • Author/s:
    • ISBN-10: 0071466932
    • ISBN-13: 9780071466936
    • Edition: 1st Edition
    • Publication date: 2005
    • Topic: Electrical
    • Subtopic: Control Theory
    • File Type: eBook
    • Idioma: English

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