Mathematics: Textbook for Class XII (Part II) – NCERT – 1st Edition

Description

Through this in its second part, we are given a little and learn to calculate the areas
Of several geometric figures including triangles Rectangles, trapezes and circles. By this means we can clarify many doubts and learn a little more About the types of topics that this book offers.

Table of Contents



Contents
PART II
Foreword v
Preface vii

7. Integrals 287
7.1 Introduction 288
7.2 Integration as an Inverse Process of Differentiation 288
7.3 Methods of Integration 300
7.4 Integrals of some Particular Functions 307
7.5 Integration by Partial Fractions 316
7.6 Integration by Parts 323
7.7 Definite Integral 331
7.8 Fundamental Theorem of Calculus 334
7.9 Evaluation of Definite Integrals by Substitution 338
7.10 Some Properties of Definite Integrals 341
8. Application of Integrals 359
8.1 Introduction 359
8.2 Area under Simple Curves 359
8.3 Area between Two Curves 366
9. Differential Equations 379
9.1 Introduction 379
9.2 Basic Concepts 379
9.3 General and Particular Solutions of a 383
Differential Equation
9.4 Formation of a Differential Equation whose 385
General Solution is given
9.5 Methods of Solving First order, First Degree 391
Differential Equations
10. Vector Algebra 424
10.1 Introduction 424
10.2 Some Basic Concepts 424
10.3 Types of Vectors 427
10.4 Addition of Vectors 429
10.5 Multiplication of a Vector by a Scalar 432
10.6 Product of Two Vectors 441
11. Three Dimensional Geometry 463
11.1 Introduction 463
11.2 Direction Cosines and Direction Ratios of a Line 463
11.3 Equation of a Line in Space 468
11.4 Angle between Two Lines 471
11.5 Shortest Distance between Two Lines 473
11.6 Plane 479
11.7 Coplanarity of Two Lines 487
11.8 Angle between Two Planes 488
11.9 Distance of a Point from a Plane 490
11.10 Angle between a Line and a Plane 492
12. Linear Programming 504
12.1 Introduction 504
12.2 Linear Programming Problem and its Mathematical Formulation 505
12.3 Different Types of Linear Programming Problems 514
13. Probability 531
13.1 Introduction 531
13.2 Conditional Probability 531
13.3 Multiplication Theorem on Probability 540
13.4 Independent Events 542
13.5 Bayes' Theorem 548
13.6 Random Variables and its Probability Distributions 557
13.7 Bernoulli Trials and Binomial Distribution 572
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