University Calculus: Early Transcendentals – George B. Thomas – 3rd Edition


Calculus, Early Transcendentals, Third Edition helps generalize and apply the key ideas of through clear and precise explanations, thoughtfully chosen examples, meticulously crafted figures, and superior exercise sets. This text offers the right mix of basic, conceptual, and challenging exercises, along with meaningful applications. This revision features more examples, more mid-level exercises, more figures, improved conceptual flow, and the best in for and teaching.

This third edition of provides a streamlined treatment of the material in a standard three-semester or four-quarter course taught at the university level. As the title suggests, the aims to go beyond what many may have seen at the high school level. By emphasizing rigor and mathematical precision, supported with examples and exercises, this encourages students to think more clearly than if they were using rote procedures.

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Table of Contents

1. Functions
1.1 Functions and Their Graphs
1.2 Combining Functions; Shifting and Scaling Graphs
1.3 Trigonometric Functions
1.4 Graphing with Calculators and Computers
1.5 Exponential Functions
1.6 Inverse Functions and Logarithms

2. Limits and Continuity
2.1 Rates of Change and Tangents to Curves
2.2 Limit of a Function and Limit Laws
2.3 The Precise Definition of a Limit
2.4 One-Sided Limits
2.5 Continuity
2.6 Limits Involving Infinity; Asymptotes of Graphs

3. Differentiation
3.1 Tangents and the Derivative at a Point
3.2 The Derivative as a Function
3.3 Differentiation Rules
3.4 The Derivative as a Rate of Change
3.5 Derivatives of Trigonometric Functions
3.6 The Chain Rule
3.7 Implicit Differentiation
3.8 Derivatives of Inverse Functions and Logarithms
3.9 Inverse Trigonometric Functions
3.10 Related Rates
3.11 Linearization and Differentials

4. Applications of Derivatives
4.1 Extreme Values of Functions
4.2 The Mean Value Theorem
4.3 Monotonic Functions and the First Derivative Test
4.4 Concavity and Curve Sketching
4.5 Indeterminate Forms and L'Hôpital's Rule
4.6 Applied Optimization
4.7 Newton's Method
4.8 Antiderivatives

5. Integration
5.1 Area and Estimating with Finite Sums
5.2 Sigma Notation and Limits of Finite Sums
5.3 The Definite Integral
5.4 The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus
5.5 Indefinite Integrals and the Substitution Rule
5.6 Substitution and Area Between Curves

6. Applications of Definite Integrals
6.1 Volumes Using Cross-Sections
6.2 Volumes Using Cylindrical Shells
6.3 Arc Length
6.4 Areas of Surfaces of Revolution
6.5 Work
6.6 Moments and Centers of Mass

7. Integrals and Transcendental Functions
7.1 The Logarithm Defined as an Integral
7.2 Exponential Change and Separable Differential Equations
7.3 Hyperbolic Functions

8. Techniques of Integration
8.1 Integration by Parts
8.2 Trigonometric Integrals
8.3 Trigonometric Substitutions
8.4 Integration of Rational Functions by Partial Fractions
8.5 Integral Tables and Computer Algebra Systems
8.6 Numerical Integration
8.7 Improper Integrals

9. Infinite Sequences and Series
9.1 Sequences
9.2 Infinite Series
9.3 The Integral Test
9.4 Comparison Tests
9.5 The Ratio and Root Tests
9.6 Alternating Series, Absolute and Conditional Convergence
9.7 Power Series
9.8 Taylor and Maclaurin Series
9.9 Convergence of Taylor Series
9.10 The Binomial Series and Applications of Taylor Series

10. Parametric Equations and Polar Coordinates
10.1 Parametrizations of Plane Curves
10.2 Calculus with Parametric Curves
10.3 Polar Coordinates
10.4 Graphing in Polar Coordinates
10.5 Areas and Lengths in Polar Coordinates
10.6 Conics in Polar Coordinates

11. Vectors and the Geometry of Space
11.1 Three-Dimensional Coordinate Systems
11.2 Vectors
11.3 The Dot Product
11.4 The Cross Product
11.5 Lines and Planes in Space
11.6 Cylinders and Quadric Surfaces

12. Vector-Valued Functions and Motion in Space
12.1 Curves in Space and Their Tangents
12.2 Integrals of Vector Functions; Projectile Motion
12.3 Arc Length in Space
12.4 Curvature and Normal Vectors of a Curve
12.5 Tangential and Normal Components of Acceleration
12.6 Velocity and Acceleration in Polar Coordinates

13. Partial Derivatives
13.1 Functions of Several Variables
13.2 Limits and Continuity in Higher Dimensions
13.3 Partial Derivatives
13.4 The Chain Rule
13.5 Directional Derivatives and Gradient Vectors
13.6 Tangent Planes and Differentials
13.7 Extreme Values and Saddle Points
13.8 Lagrange Multipliers

14. Multiple Integrals
14.1 Double and Iterated Integrals over Rectangles
14.2 Double Integrals over General Regions
14.3 Area by Double Integration
14.4 Double Integrals in Polar Form
14.5 Triple Integrals in Rectangular Coordinates
14.6 Moments and Centers of Mass
14.7 Triple Integrals in Cylindrical and Spherical Coordinates
14.8 Substitutions in Multiple Integrals

15. Integration in Vector Fields
15.1 Line Integrals
15.2 Vector Fields and Line Integrals: Work, Circulation, and Flux
15.3 Path Independence, Conservative Fields, and Potential Functions
15.4 Green's Theorem in the Plane
15.5 Surfaces and Area
15.6 Surface Integrals
15.7 Stokes' Theorem
15.8 The Divergence Theorem and a Unified Theory

16. First-Order Differential Equations (Online)
16.1 Solutions, Slope Fields, and Euler's Method
16.2 First-Order Linear Equations
16.3 Applications
16.4 Graphical Solutions of Autonomous Equations
16.5 Systems of Equations and Phase Planes

17. Second-Order Differential Equations (Online)
17.1 Second-Order Linear Equations
17.2 Nonhomogeneous Linear Equations
17.3 Applications
17.4 Euler Equations
17.5 Power Series Solutions


1. Real Numbers and the Real Line
2. Mathematical Induction
3. Lines, Circles, and Parabolas
4. Conic Sections
5. Proofs of Limit Theorems
6. Commonly Occurring Limits
7. Theory of the Real Numbers
8. Complex Numbers
9. The Distributive Law for Vector Cross Products
10. The Mixed Derivative Theorem and the Increment Theorem
11. Taylor's Formula for Two Variables

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